Cardiovascular disease claims a life every 40 seconds and is one of the leading causes of medical deaths worldwide. It is the number one factor for the highest number of deaths in America. According to the 2015 federal statistics published by American Heart Association, there have been a total of 633,842 deaths owing to heart ailments.
With each passing day, the heart disease death rates have increased with untimely heart attacks and strokes. Since no prominent symptoms are noticed beforehand, it gets difficult to identify the onset of a cardio-vascular disease.
Well, there are some standard risk factors that contribute to a heart disease
• Smoking, drinking and other addictions
• Sedentary lifestyle
• Unhealthy Diet
A study says that 65% of those suffering from heart disease is a prey to these risk factors.
Barring these, some other risk markers that have been identified as heart disease contributors are high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and lipoprotein (a) (Lp[a]).
Cardiologists suggest a Cardiac Risk Marker profile test to analyse and evaluate the future risks of heart diseases or stroke. There are 6 tests included in Cardiac Risk Markers to examine heart conditions.
• Apolipoprotein – B (Apo-B)
• Apo B / Apo A1 Ratio (Apo B/A1)
• Lipoprotein (A) [Lp (A)]
• High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (Hs-Crp)
• Apolipoprotein – A1 (Apo-A1)
Based on the test results, the doctor recommends various preventive measures to keep the heart healthy.
There is no special preparation needed for Cardiac Risk Marker Test. Your doctor will advise you on whether a fasting for the blood test is required.
A blood sample is sent to the lab to check for various parameters that analyses the heart health.
Homocysteine: It is associated with heart disease, stroke and blood clots. The higher the level of homocysteine, the greater the risk of cardio-vascular diseases.
Lipoprotein A, Lp(a): When the Lp(a) levels are higher, it indicates genetic susceptibility of an individual towards cardiac risks.
Apolipo Protein A1: This protein is associated with HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). Thus, the increased level of Apolipoprotein A1 indicates reduced cardiac risk.
Apolipo Protein B: This protein is associated with LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol). A reduced level of Apolipoprotein A1 in the test results indicate a reduced cardiac health risk and vice-versa.
APO B/ APO A1 RATIO: It is derived marker. This marker indicates the impact of above two markers collectively considering the levels of LDL and HDL.
Hs-CRP: Does your test report read a higher level of Hs-CRP? It is indicative of higher risk of heart disease in future.
A family history of cardiovascular disease is not unfamiliar. Also, with ageing, one should question the heart health and consider meeting a specialist. It is recommended to take a cardiac risk marker profile test to examine the heart health thoroughly. It is always advisable to start early for tracking of any such progression and timely diagnosis of the same.
Find an accredited lab nearby and book a lab test with the recommendation of your cardiologist.