Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin. It has now become a world concern affecting over 371 million people worldwide. The worst of all is that over 187 million people don’t know they have diabetes. According to International Diabetes Federation, this represents an increase in the cases of diabetes in the world. There are several other millions of people developing diabetes complications each day and hence we should expect a higher number in the coming years.
Diabetes is also marked as the seventh cause of death in the USA. Diabetes occurs when the blood sugar levels are above normal. If our bodies cannot be able to produce enough insulin for glucose metabolism, then the resulting complication is what is called Diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
There are three types of diabetes-Type I, type II and Gestational diabetes. All the above types of Diabetes are complex and serious.
When you have type I diabetes, you cannot produce any insulin at all.
When you have type II diabetes means that your body can produce insulin but maybe it cannot work correctly or you cannot produce enough of it.
Gestational Diabetes, only affects pregnant mothers. Most of the women have a lot of glucose in their bodies during pregnancy. Their bodies at this time cannot produce enough insulin for glucose metabolism which results in progressively rising in the levels of glucose in the blood.
Whether you don’t produce insulin or the insulin you produce is not enough, in both cases the Glucose cannot move to the body cells. It will probably build up in the blood. This is the time when problems starts.
What Causes Diabetes?
All the above three types of diabetes have something in common-they are caused by the buildup of glucose in the blood. Glucose buildup in the blood is as a result of insufficient or no insulin production. Insulin is the hormone that enables the glucose to enter the body cells. If your body cannot produce enough of it, or if the insulin produced doesn’t work, you are likely to develop one of the types above.
- Feeling thirsty
- Getting tired than normal
- Genital itching or thrush
- Blurred Vision
- Cuts and wounds that take long to heal
- Going to the toilet several times especially in the night.
Diabetes must be cured or one must maintain the sugar level in the body to avoid any complications. Here I’ve a quality piece of content for you on how to cure diabetes naturally without medication.
Following could happen if things have gone worse.
Risks of Diabetes
There’s no doubt that diabetes increases your risks for many serious health problems. The good news is that with the right lifestyle and medication, the condition can be controlled or even reversed. Many people living with diabetes are able to prevent or even delay the onset of some of the complications.
1. Diabetic Neuropathy
This is the nerve damage brought about by the diabetes. Statistics show that almost half of the people suffering from diabetes have nerve damage as a results. Over time, the high blood sugars and the high levels of fats can destroy your nerves. They can cause harm to the nerves in a number of ways. The damage is specifically received as numbness, pain and weakness in the hands, feet and legs.
2. The risk of stroke
There is a close connection between Diabetes and stroke. If the body is unable to metabolize glucose into energy, then it will accumulate in the blood increasing the levels of blood sugar. Over time, this blood sugar can contribute to the buildup of clots or fat deposits which can later narrow the veins. If the blood stops to flows in one way or the other due to the narrowing of capillaries, then a stroke occurs.
3. The risk of high blood pressure
According to the statistics, about 25 percent of the people with Type I diabetes and 80 percent of those with Type II diabetes have high blood pressure. Having high blood pressure increases the risks for several other complications such as heart problems, stroke, kidney diseases and many more.
4. Eye Complications
People with Diabetes are likely to develop several eye complications such as Glaucoma, Retinopathy and Cataracts. This is the reason why Diabetic patients are recommended to visit an optician every year for dilated eye test. Majority of the patients are likely to develop watery eyes, eye discomfort, loss of vision, blurred vision and many more.
5. Risk of Kidney damage
Diabetes can as well damage your kidney and compromise its ability to filter waste products. The kidney disorder associated with diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. If the doctor detects an elevated amount of protein in your urine, then it may be an indication that your kidney is not working well.